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Genital human papillomavirus (HPV) is a very common virus in both men and women. It is transmitted by genital contact in vaginal, oral and anal sexual intercourse.

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The human papillomavirus (HPV) are a group of more than 200 related viruses.

Some 40 types of HPV can be easily transmitted by direct sexual contact, from the skin and from the mucous membranes of infected persons to the skin and mucous membranes of their partners._cc781905 -5cde-3194-bb3b-136bad5cf58d_

It can be through sexual vaginal, anal, oral or skin contact. Some types of HPV are responsible for warts non-genital warts, which are not sexually transmitted.

The types of HPV that are sexually transmitted fall into two categories:

  • Low-risk HPVs, which do not cause cancer but can cause warts on the skin of the genitals, in the anus, in the mouth, or on the_cc781905-5cde-3194 -bb3b-136bad5cf58d_throat. 

  • High-risk HPVs, which can cause cancer. About a dozen high-risk HPV types have been identified. Two of these, HPV types 16 and 18, are responsible for most cancers caused by HPV. 


The infections by HPV are the most common sexually transmitted infections. It is estimated that more than 90% of active men and women will be infected by at least one type of HPV at some time in their lives. Nearly half of these infections are from a high-risk type of HPV.

Most HPV infections have no symptoms and go away in 1 to 2 years and do not cause cancer.

However, some HPV infections can persist for many years. Persistent infections with high-risk HPV types can cause cell changes that, if left untreated, can progress to cancer._cc781905-5cde-3194-bb3b-1358bad5

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