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Cervical conization is performed on women who have been diagnosed with a precancerous or premalignant lesion on the cervix. These lesions appear as a consequence of a persistent infection by the human papilloma virus (HPV), which is acquired during sexual intercourse.


The objective of cervical conization is twofold:

  • Treatment of premalignant lesions of the cervix, whose spontaneous evolution, in some cases, may pose a risk of developing cervical cancer. Therefore, it is a preventive treatment of this type of cancer.

  • Definitive diagnosis of the lesion and, in exceptional cases, allows us to rule out the existence of very early cervical cancer.

The term conization means the "conical" removal of the external part of the cervix or ectocervix (base of the cone) and an internal part corresponding to the canal or endocervix (apex of the cone).

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